Interview as a technique of collecting information: strategy of concerns
It is important to tell apart interviews as an approach of collecting interviewing and information custom writing login being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two alternative methods are:
- observation, if the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness of this occasion,
- working together with documents, in which the document means any product carrier containing texts and images.
Kinds of interviews and their purpose
Interviews as a way of data gathering in turn are split into:
- genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to recognize the faculties of an individual, then to reflect them when you look at the text).
The reportage meeting had been talked about into the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall be told into the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is interview being a genre, being a method of text formatting in the form of concerns from the interviewer additionally the responses of this interlocutor. At the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of concerns associated with researcher is minimized (they generally are no at all), during the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not only asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.
The truth that the interview is a discussion, suggests in regards to the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Into the typical meeting, the interviewer answers simply take 70-90% associated with the text. A discussion may be carried out by a journalist, by authority equivalent to the interlocutor, so your opinion for this journalist was additionally interesting to readers, since the opinion regarding the interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.
Forms of interviews depending on the topic. Topic meeting
With regards to the subject, you will find three forms of interviews:
Subject of the topic interview is their state of things in every field of activity. Usually this will be an interview with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist just as much as he is linked to this continuing situation. For instance, an officer tells how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains simple tips to protect your self from the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis is going to be regarding the exchange. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling for the interview that is subject of three parts. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there was a parsing of this subject for the true purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The topic interview stops aided by the streamlining of the thing that was stated, summarizing, practical tips to readers.
The hero associated with topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. That is information interview, one of the news genres. The duty of the journalist is to learn whenever you can the main points and information on just what happened. Like in the way it is of a professional, the interlocutor’s interaction using the subject is very first shown, then your subject is deepened, plus the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened as well as the conclusions that the interlocutor made.